AskDefine | Define breach

Dictionary Definition

breach

Noun

1 a failure to perform some promised act or obligation
2 an opening (especially a gap in a dike or fortification)
3 a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions); "they hoped to avoid a break in relations" [syn: rupture, break, severance, rift, falling out]

Verb

1 act in disregard of laws and rules; "offend all laws of humanity"; "violate the basic laws or human civilization"; "break a law" [syn: transgress, offend, infract, violate, go against, break]
2 make an opening or gap in [syn: gap]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Homophones

Etymology

From bræc (a breaking), from brecan, influenced by breche (French: brèche), from Frankish. (ref.: etymonline)

Noun

  1. The act of breaking, in a figurative sense.
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiry concerning Human Understanding. Section 3. § 12.
      But were the poet to make a total difression from his subject, and introduce a new actor, nowise connected with the personages, the imagination, feeling a breach in transition, would enter coldly into the new scene;
  2. Specifically: A breaking or infraction of a law, or of any obligation or tie; violation; non-fulfillment; as, a breach of contract; a breach of promise.
  3. A gap or opening made by breaking or battering, as in a wall or fortification; the space between the parts of a solid body rent by violence; a break; a rupture.
  4. A breaking up of amicable relations; rupture.
  5. A breaking of waters, as over a vessel or a coastal defence; the waters themselves; surge; surf.
    • 1719: Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe
      I cast my eye to the stranded vessel, when, the breach and froth of the sea being so big, I could hardly see it, it lay so far of; and considered, Lord! how was it possible I could get on shore.
  6. A breaking out upon; an assault.
  7. A bruise; a wound.
  8. A hernia; a rupture.

Translations

figuratively: the act of breaking
  • Finnish: murros
  • Portuguese: parada
break of a law or obligation
gap
  • Finnish: murtuma
  • Portuguese: fissura
breaking up of amicable relations
  • Finnish: välirikko
  • Portuguese: término
breaking of waves
  • Finnish: murtuminen
assault

Verb

  1. To break (in the above senses)
  2. , to break into a ship or into a coastal defence
  3. In the context of "of a whale": to leap clear out of the water

Extensive Definition

Breach may refer to the following.
People named Breach:
Places named Breach in United Kingdom:
In law:
  • Breach of confidence, a common law tort that protects private information that is conveyed in confidence
  • Breach of contract, a situation in which a binding agreement is not honored by one or more of the parties to the contract
  • Breach of promise, a former tort
  • Breach of the peace, a legal term used in constitutional law in English-speaking countries
  • Efficient breach, a breach of contract that the breaching party considers desirable
  • Fundamental breach, a breach so fundamental that it permits the aggrieved party to terminate performance of the contract
In science and technology:
In entertainment:

See also

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abysm, abyss, alienation, arroyo, atrocity, bad faith, bore, box canyon, breach of contract, breach of faith, breach of friendship, breach of privilege, breach of promise, breach of trust, break, break in, break into, break open, break through, breakage, breaking, burst, burst in, bust, bust in, caesura, canyon, cave in, cavity, cessation, chap, chasm, check, chimney, chink, chip, cleavage, cleave, cleft, cleuch, clough, col, contravene, contravention, coulee, couloir, crack, cranny, crevasse, crevice, crime, crime against humanity, cut, cut apart, cwm, deadly sin, defile, delinquency, dell, dereliction, difference, dike, disaffection, discontinuity, discord, disfavor, disharmony, disobedience, disregard, disrupt, disruption, dissension, disunion, disunity, ditch, divergence, dividedness, division, donga, draw, enormity, error, estrangement, evil, excavation, exfoliate, failure, falling-out, fault, felony, fissure, flaw, flume, force open, fracture, furrow, gap, gape, gash, genocide, gorge, groove, guilty act, gulch, gulf, gully, heavy sin, hiatus, hole, impropriety, incise, incision, indiscretion, inexpiable sin, infract, infraction, infringe, infringement, iniquity, injury, injustice, interim, intermission, interruption, interval, invade, joint, kloof, lacuna, lapse, leak, letup, lull, malefaction, malfeasance, malum, minor wrong, misdeed, misdemeanor, misfeasance, moat, mortal sin, neglect, nonfeasance, nonobservance, notch, nullah, offend, offense, omission, open, open fire, open rupture, open up, opening, outrage, pass, passage, pause, peccadillo, peccancy, penetrate, prize open, quarrel, ravine, recall of ambassadors, rent, rift, rime, rip, rive, rupture, scale, schism, scissure, seam, secession, separation, severance, sin, sin of commission, sin of omission, sinful act, slash, slice, slip, slit, slot, snap, splinter, split, split open, stove in, strife, suspension, tear, tear open, tort, transgress, transgression, trench, trespass, trip, unutterable sin, valley, variance, venial sin, violation, void, wadi, withdrawal, wrong
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